U.S. Department of Labor - These are contact
numbers for Dept of Labor Offices that maintain
regional employment, unemployment, wage

ALASKA - Juneau, AK - (907) 465-4518
ARIZONA - Phoenix, AZ - (602) 542-3871
ARKANSAS - Little Rock, AR - (501) 682-4500
CALIFORNIA - Sacramento, CA - (916) 262-2160
COLORADO - Denver, CO - (303) 318-8898
CONNECTICUT - Wethersfield, CT - (860) 263-6255
DELAWARE - Wilmington, DE - (302) 761-8052
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA - (202) 671-1633
GUAM - Tamuning, GU - (671) 475-7062
HAWAII - Honolulu, HI - (808) 586-8996
IDAHO - Boise, ID - (800) 772-2553
ILLINOIS - Chicago, IL - (312) 793-2316
INDIANA - Indianapolis, IN - (317) 232-7460
IOWA - Des Moines, IA - (515) 281-0255
KANSAS - Topeka, KS - (785) 296-5058
KENTUCKY - Frankfort, KY - (502) 564-7976
LOUISIANA - Baton Rouge, LA - (225) 342-3141
MAINE - Augusta, ME - (207) 287-2271
MARYLAND - Baltimore, MD - (410) 767-2250
MASSACHUSETTS - Boston, MA - (617) 626-6556
MICHIGAN - Detroit, MI - (313) 456-3090
MINNESOTA - St. Paul, MN - (651) 282-2714
MISSISSIPPI - Jackson, MS - (601) 321-6261
MISSOURI - Jefferson City, MO - (573) 751-3609
U.S. Department of Labor - These are contact
numbers for Dept of Labor Offices that maintain
regional employment, unemployment, wage
NEVADA - Carson City, NV - (775) 684-0387
NEW HAMPSHIRE - Concord, NH - (603) 228-4123
NEW JERSEY - Trenton, NJ 08625 - 609 292-0099
NEW MEXICO - Albuquerque, NM - (505) 222-4683
NEW YORK - Albany, NY - (518) 457-6369
NORTH CAROLINA - Raleigh, NC - (919) 733-2936
NORTH DAKOTA - Bismarck, ND - (701) 328-2868
OHIO - Columbus, OH - (614) 752-9494
OKLAHOMA - Oklahoma City, OK - (405) 557-7265
OREGON - Salem, OR - (503) 947-1212
PENNSYLVANIA - Harrisburg, PA - (717) 787-3266
PUERTO RICO Hato Rey, PR - (787) 754-5340
RHODE ISLAND - Cranston, RI - (401) 462-8767
SOUTH CAROLINA - Columbia, SC (803)
737-2660SOUTH DAKOTA - Aberdeen, SD - (605)
TENNESSEE - Nashville, TN - (615) 741-2284
TEXAS - Austin, TX -
UTAH - Salt Lake City, UT - (801) 526-9401
VERMONT - Montpelier, VT - (802) 828-4153
VIRGIN ISLANDS-Charlotte Aml, VI -340 776-3700
VIRGINIA - Richmond, VA - (804) 786-7496
WASHINGTON - Lacey, WA - (360) 438-4804
WEST VIRGINIA - Charleston, WV - (304) 558-2660
WISCONSIN - Madison, WI - (608) 267-2393
WYOMING - Casper, WY - (307) 473-3807
Maritime Law - Negligence & Unseaworthiness
Maritime Jobs - Marine Jobs - Deckhands - Tankermen - Able Seaman - Maritime Jobs - Deck Engine - Employment in the Maritime
Industry - Work on Ships - Yachts - Tugboats - Cruise Ships
Maritime Law - Negligence and Unseaworthiness
Common Legal Theories for Maritime Workers
Negligence is one of the oldest legal concepts. And it isn't exclusively maritime in nature.
Long before fast ferries, builders in the ancient world had to answer for the integrity of
buildings they constructed. If they were not diligent in the sizing of beams and selection of
earthen materials and a home collapsed, they would have some explaining to do.

It should be pointed out that negligence is but one theory under which legal actions are
brought to protect the rights of maritime employees. (see
Other Legal Theories - Product
Liability and Strict Liability ) Unseaworthiness is another legal theory. Unseaworthiness
is basically a warranty theory. The owner of a vessel owner is held to impliedly warrant that
the vessel is seaworthy. This means the vessel is reasonably fit for its intended use. If an
injured maritime employee brings a cause of action based on unseaworthiness, it means
that they claim that the vessel, or part of the vessel, was not fit for its intended purpose.

When the word unseaworthiness is used in lay terms, it tends to suggest a vessel that
undoubtedly appears unseaworthy… maybe something like the SS Minnow in Gilligan’s
Island. However, this is not a requirement. The vessel could appear in excellent condition
on a visible inspection, but still be unfit for duty because of something like a frayed or dried
out fire hose. If a tug is pulling in a barge and the cable snaps, it wouldn’t matter that the
tug is in immaculate condition, with no corrosion on the hull, and brand new engines. If that
cable was corroded and that was the cause of an injury or wrongful death, the injured
employee or the estate would bring a legal action based on the theory of unseaworthiness.
Negligence generally the legal theory with maritime accidents. In 1934, the RMS Olympic,
sistership of the
Titanic, ran over the Nantucket Lightship in 1934 in a tragic accident that
took the lives of seven of the lightship's crew in the foggy waters off New  England
In July 1956, the ocean liner Andrea Doria collided with the Stockholm in the same area.
Negligence was the theory used to analyze the actions of each ship's deck officers.
When the containership Cosco Busan allided with the S.F. Bay Bridge, investigators
looked at whether operating the vessel in fog that day amounted to negligence. Ultimately,
the negligence rose to the level of criminal culpability, resulting in conviction of the pilot.
Copyright 2007 - Copyright Warning - Violators Will Be Prosecuted
Rights reserved  - U.S. Copyright Law Carries Criminal & Civil Penalties for
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There is a sad irony in this photograph of the White Star Line's RMS Olympic. Aside from the fact
she would alone survive her ill-fated sisters Britannic and Titanic, the ship in the foreground is the
Ambrose Lightship, similar to the Nantucket Lightship that the Olympic unintentionally rammed in
1934, killing four crew instantly and another three from their wounds after the tragic accident.
The word “negligence” is frequently used as a legal term, where
attorneys will base their cause of action on a theory of
negligence. Other than in attorney summons’s and complaints,
the day-to-day usage of the word “negligence” essentially
means carelessness. For maritime employees, it generally
means that someone was careless, and as a result, someone
was injured, or worse, killed. If the victim is injured, we’re
negligence. If the victim is killed, it’s a wrongful death action.
What are the elements of negligence? Is it possible to do a step
by step analysis to determine if negligence occurred? Yes...  
more detail about the legal theory of negligence.
It is interesting to analyze from a legal standpoint the negligence involved in the loss of
the RMS Titanic. Ice warnings were not heeded, binoculars were not provided to the
lookouts, lifeboat capacity was inadequate... but one must remember that the standards
of the day were different in 1912 than they are today.